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Matangini Hazra Biography

Birangana Matangini Hazra was born on 17 November 1869 in the village of Hogla under the Tamluk police station in the Midnapore district of West Bengal to a poor peasant family. His father is Thakurdas Maiti and his mother is Bhagwati Devi. As a daughter of a poor peasant family, she was deprived of formal education.

First life

Not much is known about the early life of Matangini Hazra. He did not have the opportunity for any formal education. She married Trilochan Hazra in her childhood. Became a childless widow at just 18 years old. From then on, he devoted himself to social work. He always moved forward when he had the opportunity to help others. He is a follower of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence religion. That is why people used to call her Gandhi Buri. The history of the freedom struggle in India is and will continue to be written in bright letters for the relentless hard work and tireless self-sacrifice in the national struggle.

Participation in the independence movement

In 1905 he joined the Indian independence movement.
The Tricolors flag was hoisted as a symbol of independence at the Lahore session of the Congress on 31 December 1929. The meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Congress decided to celebrate the 26th of January every year as Independence Day to popularize the ideal of full independence to the nation.

In March-April 1930, the movement against the Salt Satyagraha Act began. At that time it was illegal for the people of the country to collect salt from sseawater The first salt making was started in the same year. He was arrested by the police for making salt at Alinan Center in Kanthi, Medinipur. The police entered the village and set fire to all the houses, and the police started torturing them. Police did not arrest Matangini Hazra, but instead punished her by walking her a long-distance and later released her.
On 26 January 1932, Congress workers staged a procession in Medinipur after hoisting the national flag. Matangini Hazra joined the procession and became a member of the National Congress. He also started making khadi cloth by cutting the wheel with his own hands.

Matangini joined him when the Bellman tax-stop movement began in the district. With the sound of the governor returning, he staged a procession and was arrested. During this time he was imprisoned for six months in Berhampore Jail. He was also a prisoner in Hijli prison for several days. Matangini Hazra, who was released from prison and joined the Srirampur Congress session in 1933, was injured during a police baton charge. Her name is immortalized in golden letters on the pages of history in the struggle for independence by joining this Valiant Women’s Non-Cooperation Movement and Quit India Movement. At that time Medinipur had taken a different form in the anti-British movement all over India.

Participate in Quit India Movement

Gandhiji published an article in Harijan advising the British government to leave India.

Gandhiji’s proposal was finally accepted by the leaders of the Congress. In this context, on August 8, 1942, the Congress Executive Committee approved the historic Quit India proposal.

The resolution called for an end to Nazism, fascism, and an end to British rule in India for the sake of world security for the sake of India’s welfare.

At this time the movement in the Medinipur district of Bengal did not take the form of a deadly mass revolt. Its prevalence also became more intense in Tamluk and Kanthi subdivisions. The main objective of which was to take over the plan to occupy all the police stations and government offices in the Midnapore district. Matangini Hazra, 73, led a procession of 6,000 supporters and women volunteers to capture the Tamluk police station.

Last movement and death

On September 29, 1942, thousands of people marched on Tamluk from different directions and marched together to occupy the police station and the court. Millions of voices are rising in English India! English leave India.

The well-equipped English army was also ready and waiting outside the court premises. The procession kept coming and going. Panicked troops opened fire to disperse the procession.

Matangini, a 73-year-old woman, came forward when the injured volunteers dispersed. He led the procession by raising the flag. Bandemataram Manta with his indomitable strength on his chest and the national flag hoisted in his right hand.

This time the army fired while holding Matangini’s flag. But he did not let the flag fall to the ground. He picked it up with his other hand in a bloody state.

But just a few feet ahead, he grabbed his flag and fired. But still, the flag did not fall to the ground. He walked forward holding the flagpole in his bloody hands.

The crowd in the back did not disperse again. They followed their leader in an orderly manner.

The British government could not bear this great patriotism and such radiant motivation. He shot Matangini in the chest. Matangini’s lifeless body fell to the ground while holding the national flag in both hands and giving the sound of Bandemataram.

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